JellyFish Facts

White Jellyfish

White Jellyfish picture

White Jellyfish

There is a couple of hundred different types of jellyfish in the world. This creature is not actually a fish but belongs to the animal kingdom. The jellyfish is an extraordinary creature, and comes in various sizes and colors. The bell-shaped body is a gelatinous mass with tentacles on the underside, which are used to capture its prey. The colors vary according to the species and there are many which are white and having spots or other patterns on their body. The same species also may have slight variations in shades and colors.

Most of the Rhizostoma octopus or the mushroom jellyfish are milky white in color, and totally harmless to humans. It is found throughout the year on the western and southern ocean shores of the British Isles. In summer they are more along the beaches and in winter they go to deeper waters. This jellyfish has a bulky mass, with a dome-shaped body, which is thick in the middle and thin around the edges. The body grows up to 39 inches in diameter. The mushroom jellyfish has eight thick tentacles which are long. This jellyfish is consumed all over the world, and especially in Japan and China it is consumed in large quantities, in fresh and pickled form.

The Phyllorhiza punctata or the Australian spotted jelly comes in white, semi-transparent and opaque colors. It is found in the southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean. The average size of the bell body is 45 to 60 centimeters in diameter. The umbrella body is semi-spherical and has white crystalline inclusions, giving an appearance of having spots. It has 8 thick oral arms that end in large brown bundles of stinging cells. They are not a threat to humans, but are known to have a mild venom, which can easily be cured by pouring vinegar. It is a voracious eater and filters 13,200 gallons of water per day, and ingests plankton. It feeds primarily on various types of snails and the eggs and larvae of certain fishes. It has been found all the way up to the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbeans and waters off the Hawaiian islands.

The Atlantic sea nettle is a jellyfish which is usually semi-transparent with small white dots and reddish brown stripes. The ones without stripes are either opaque or white in color. The sting is moderately powerful and is not known to cause death in humans, except by allergic reactions. The sting is neutralized by pouring vinegar on the affected area. This jellyfish is carnivorous and immobilises its prey with the venom in its stinging tentacles. It feeds on young minnows, bay anchovy eggs and mosquito larvae.

The moon jelly is the most commonly found jellyfish, and the bell body is usually clear or with a white tint. There is a clover leaf pattern in the center which is either pink or orange in color. It has short tentacles on the edge of the bell and curtain-like oral arms underneath the bell. The size of the moon jelly is from 3 to 20 inches in diameter. Its considered harmless to humans as its sting is extremely mild.

Learn more about Jellyfish, different Jellyfish Species, general Jellyfish Information, Jellyfish Pets and Jellyfish Safety

Written by and Sudarsana Sinha.

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